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Nyanga & Guguletu
After the Second World War, further hostel accommodation for single men was built. In 1948, a second location Nyanga (meaning 'moon') was established on a similar model to Langa with maximum surveillance and easy access.

Houses had four rooms, a small garden, water and electricity. But there were no wooden floors and the walls remained unfinished. As the weekly rent was 7s 6d, rather than the 6d for a squatter shack, many people remained in the shanty towns.

In 1958, a new township was built in Nyanga West, later re-named Guguletu ('Our Pride'). Here families were not permitted to own their barrack-like homes, as these were intended to be single quarters in the future (they were very small). Many families shared 'a single bed', as reflected in the title of Mamphela Ramphele's study of migrant labour hostels in Cape Town.

The pressures upon the populations of the townships like Guguletu and Nyanga were numerous. They experienced discrimination on a daily basis, and their aspirations were smothered by the apartheid regime. Different people and generations responded in different ways to the humiliation of the political system.

The 1976 diary of Maria Thulo, a domestic worker resident in Guguletu, reveals the activities and prevailing feelings of the community during this period of violent rebellion led by school children.

She documents the excitement and fear, as the community felt both respect and awe of the schoolchildren who protested so actively. Her writings report women informing children where they could find and destroy the shebeens and liquor stores that women felt made men compliant to white dominance.

Children were known to attack 'informers' (real or imagined) and anybody flouting their instructions. At the same time, 'bachelors' were attacking children for trying to stop them drinking, as well as the parents who went to work during the 'stay-away' of 15th September.

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