|It was in an environment where
all protest was stifled that armed resistance started. The ANC and the PAC set
up secret training camps for their respective armed wings (uMkhonto weSizwe or
MK and Poqo) in the Cape Town region.
Other organisations turned to armed revolt. The African
Resistance Movement (ARM), comprising white students, blew up some electricity
pylons, but by 1963 this armed action had petered out due to mass arrests.
Hadji Abdullah Haron, Imam of Claremont mosque, played an active role in social
action and politics. He encouraged younger Cape Town Muslims to take a more
active stance against apartheid. They contributed food supplies to townships
during 1960 crisis and supported the Coloured People's Congress (SACPO's
successor) in their objection to South Africa becoming a Republic in 1961.
When the CPC was dissolved in 1965, Haron and other members
joined the PAC, and became involved in a plan to train young men as guerrillas
outside South Africa. The security police kept close tabs on him, leading to
his arrest in 1969. He died while the interrogation process was underway. The
official report was that he died of injuries sustained after falling down some
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