| The British
|End of the British
|As the twentieth century broke,
Cape Town was a confident Imperial Capital. The impressive colonial City Hall
and Herbert Baker's Gothic Anglican Cathedral were completed in the first years
of the century.
Stevens, a British journalist, described it as 'Denver with a
dash of Delhi
neither over-industrious nor over-lazy, decently
successful, reasonably happy, wholeheartedly easy-going'.
Leisure was an important feature of city-life. 'Rational
pastimes' were promoted, particularly to boost tourism - the pier, bathing,
concerts, theatre and cinema. Muizenberg was promoted as the 'Brighton of South
Africa' and became a popular bathing spot. Green Point common was developed for
sports clubs and swimming baths were built.
Beneath this confident appearance, however, there were racial
tensions as non-whites expressed resentment at the attitudes and racial
policies of the municipality (more..)
The white community, too, was seeking a new era. A spirit of
magnanimity had developed following the defeat of the Boers in 1902. English
speakers were looking forward to a new era in a united South Africa (more..)
The National Convention of 1909, to forge peace between British
and Afrikaners, established the boundaries of the modern unified South Africa.
Cape Town was to be the legislative capital, but the Executive would be based
The agreement promised peace and reconciliation between English
and Afrikaners and self-government within the Empire, but it failed to take
account of black aspirations and this was to overshadow the twentieth
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· Culture ·
In this period of Cape History:
A City Develops
The Rise of
The End of British Rule