formed the English East India Company (EEIC) and in 1602 Dutch lords
established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) under a government charter.
These powerful trading companies discovered the 'trade winds' and expanded
trade to Asia.
The British used the Cape to replenish their ships - and
even kidnapped some Khoe to teach them English!
But it was a group of VOC sailors rescued after a year at
the Cape that began a campaign to persuade the VOC to establish a permanent