For a billion years the
region around Cape Town was predominantly lush, subtropical rainforest.
Fossils dated at five million years reveal great and
fascinating creatures living in the wetlands and forests - double tusked
elephants, saber-toothed cats, various species of hyena, ancestral birds and
Then the climate became drier, and the animal population
changed. Some plants were better suited to a drier climate and began to
dominate and diversify, slowly evolving into the unique Cape Floral Kingdom of